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Cancer research pioneers win Nobel medicine prize

Two scientists have been jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine for "landmark" research into how the body's natural defences can fight cancer.
James Allison, from the University of Texas, and Tasuku Honjo, from Japan's Kyoto University, worked in parallel as they tried to stimulate the immune system's ability to attack tumours.
Dr Allison looked at a protein that acts as a brake on the immune system.Separately, Prof Honjo discovered a new protein on immune cells, finding that that too acts as a brake.They will share prize money of 9m Swedish kronor (€776,000).
Cancer research pioneers win Nobel medicine prize

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The men will share prize money of more than a quarter of a million pounds
Their work constitutes a "landmark in our fight against cancer", said the Nobel Assembly of the Karolinska Institute, which awarded the prize.The institute added that therapies based on Prof Honjo's discovery "proved to be strikingly effective in the fight against cancer".Among those to have received such treatment is former US president Jimmy Carter, who was diagnosed in 2015 with the skin cancer melanoma, which had spread to his brain.In 2016, after being treated with a drug inspired by Prof Honjo's research, he announced that he no longer needed treatment.
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