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375 scientists to Trump: climate change is real

375 scientists to Trump: climate change is real375 top scientists signed an open letter, released Tuesday, against Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump's promise to pull the United States out of the Paris climate-warming accord if elected in November.

The Paris Agreement, which is expected to go into force this year or in 2017, commits all nations to undertake steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to global warming impacts for the first time. At least 20 countries are expected to announce their ratification of the agreement in an event at the United Nations on Wednesday.

The list of scientists signing the letter includes 30 Nobel Laureates, and all signatories are members of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS).

The letter reads as both a warning of the seriousness of human-caused climate change, as well as a warning against electing a candidate who thinks climate change is a hoax and would withdraw from the Paris Agreement.

"Human-caused climate change is not a belief, a hoax, or a conspiracy. It is a physical reality," the letter states.

"Our fingerprints on the climate system are visible everywhere… Human-caused climate change is not something far removed from our day-to-day experience, affecting only the remote Arctic. It is present here and now, in our own country, in our own states, and in our own communities."

The reaction was caused after Trump’s remark he would pull out of the Paris Agreement if he were elected, and has expressed the view that climate change is a hoax, rather than a real and growing problem.

“We’re going to cancel the Paris Climate Agreement and stop all payment of U.S. tax dollars to U.N. global warming programs," Trump said in an energy policy speech on May 26.

Trump has stacked his campaign with advisers that have deep ties to the fossil fuel industry, including oil tycoon Harold Hamm and North Dakota Republican Rep. Kevin Kramer, who questions the existence of human-caused global warming.

"During the Presidential primary campaign, claims were made that the Earth is not warming, or that warming is due to purely natural causes outside of human control. Such claims are inconsistent with reality," the letter states.

“From studies of changes in temperature and sea level over the last million years, we know that the climate system has tipping points. Our proximity to these tipping points is uncertain,” it says.

"The political system also has tipping points. Thus it is of great concern that the Republican nominee for President has advocated U.S. withdrawal from the Paris Accord," it adds.
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