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Lost WWII warship USS Indianapolis found after 72 years

Lost WWII warship USS Indianapolis found after 72 years

The USS Indianapolis - pictured here in Pearl Harbor, 1937
The World War Two heavy cruiser USS Indianapolis has been found in the Pacific Ocean, 72 years after its sinking by a Japanese submarine.The Indianapolis was destroyed returning from its secret mission to deliver parts for the atomic bomb which was later used on Hiroshima.The US warship was discovered 18,000 feet (5.5km) beneath the surface.Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, who led the civilian search team, said the discovery was "truly humbling".The USS Indianapolis was destroyed on 30 July 1945, when it was hit by a torpedo fired by a Japanese submarine. It was the largest loss of life in the history of the US Navy.
There were 1,196 men on board, of whom between 800-900 survived the sinking.
Indianapolis survivor: 'You could see the sharks circling'
But no distress call was ever received, and by the time the survivors were found by chance four days later, just 316 were left alive in the shark-infested waters.The ship's rapid sinking - in just 12 minutes - and the lack of a distress call meant the ship's location had long been a mystery.
Researcher new the ship was the Indianapolis (CA-35) because of its hull markings
Mr Allen's crew discovered the vessel on 18 August, after new research from a naval historian pointed them to a specific region of the ocean where the warship had been sighted the night before its destruction.The ship is well-known for its final, secret mission, carrying parts for the atomic bomb nicknamed "Little Boy" as well as enriched uranium fuel for its nuclear reaction. Those supplies were delivered to Tinian island, an American base in the final year of the war which launched the world's first nuclear bombing.Four days later, the Indianapolis sank - less than a week before the nuclear bomb it helped to make destroyed Hiroshima. Along with the bomb named "Fat Man" dropped on Nagasaki, it forced the Japanese surrender and the end of World War Two.
Some fragments bore the name of the ship, making its identification relatively simple
"To be able to honour the brave men of the USS Indianapolis and their families through the discovery of a ship that played such a significant role during World War Two is truly humbling," Mr Allen said. "As Americans, we all owe a debt of gratitude to the crew for their courage, persistence and sacrifice in the face of horrendous circumstances."The USS Indianapolis remains the property of the US Navy, the search team's statement said. It will now be considered a protected war memorial.A spokesman for the survivors, 22 of whom are still alive, said each of them had "longed for the day when their ship would be found".Mr Allen's specially-outfitted research vessel, the Petrel, has been designed for exploration and research with a crew of 16. It previously discovered the wreckage of both a Japanese warship, the Musashi, and an Italian naval vessel, Artigliere - both from the World War Two era.
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