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Coronavirus: What are the new restrictions and why are they needed?

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Prime Minister Boris Johnson has announced a series of new restrictions to fight the coronavirus outbreak in a televised address from 10 Downing Street.
What are the new measures
Shopping for "basic necessities", as infrequently as possible. People should use delivery services, where they can
"One form of exercise a day", for example a run, walk or cycling trip - alone or with members of your household
Medical reasons, to provide care or to help a vulnerable person
Travelling to and from work, but only if it is "absolutely necessary"
What will have to stop?
The prime minister gave a list of things that people will have to stop doing:
You should not meet friends
You should not meet family members who do not live with you
You should not go shopping for other items. Shops selling "non-essential goods" including clothes and electronics stores will be closed
You should not go to libraries, playgrounds, outdoor gyms and places of worship
He said that if these rules are not followed then police will have the powers to enforce them, including through fines and dispersing gatherings.
Why are tougher restrictions being introduced?
The government told people that to prevent the spread of coronavirus, they should only go out when necessary - for example, to buy food and medicine, or for exercise.
When out, people have been told to keep at least 2m (6ft) apart from other people. This is known as social distancing.
Clapham Common in London was among the parks across the UK busy over the weekend
However, since this advice was issued, there have been many examples of people not following it.At the weekend, parks and open spaces were packed with people. Snowdonia National Park, for example, said it had experienced the "busiest ever visitor day in living memory".And with the reduction in train services across the UK and tube trains on the London Underground, passengers on their way to work were crowded together on Monday.
What has the UK already done?
People had already been urged to work from home where possible, and not to visit pubs, restaurants, cafes, theatres and other venues.Last Friday, Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced that these places should all close, although takeaways could still offer a service.Schools also shut on Friday, although some have been kept open to provide a service for the children of key workers, such as NHS staff.
Why do people need to stay apart?
Coronavirus spreads when an infected person coughs small droplets into the air. These can be breathed in, or cause an infection if you touch a surface they have landed on, and then touch your face with unwashed hands.After the weekend reports, Mr Johnson warned on Sunday that if people did not act responsibly, then "we will have to bring forward further measures".
How does the UK compare to other countries?
Many countries have already imposed severe restrictions on their populations.
The whole of Italy has been on lockdown since 9 March, with people only allowed out if strictly necessary
Meetings of more than two have been banned in Germany. One German state, Bavaria, has implemented a full lockdown for its citizens
More and more US states have introduced severe restrictions, with one in three Americans now being told not to leave home
Australia has shut down non-essential services, although schools remain open in some states
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Boris Johnson
Coronavirus pandemic
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