Russia mulls building Borei-class cruise missile sub

Borei-class Russian submarine
The Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) is considering building two Project 955Boreiclass (North Wind) orDolgorukiy-class nuclear-poweredguided missile submarines (SSGNs), designatedBorei-K, according to a Russian defense industry source.
The ministry is looking into the possibility of building two moreBorei-class submarines, but equipped with long-range cruise missiles instead of ballistic ones, the sourcewas quoted as sayingbyTASSnews agency on April 20. If the decision is made, the submarines will be built under the newBorei-K project and will be scheduled for delivery after 2027.
Earlier this month, the head of the St. Petersburg-based Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineeringsaidthat instead of building the sixth and seven Project 955ABorei II-classnuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (SSBN), the focus will be on more advanced projects that appear to go beyond the two existing SSBN (BoreiandBoreiA) designs.

The Russian Navy currently operates threeBorei-class SSBNs. TheYuri Dolgorukyis in service with Russias Northern Fleet, while the remaining twoBorei-class SSBNs Alexander NevskyandVladimir Monomakh are serving in the Russian Pacific Fleet. The Russian Navy is expected to take delivery of theKnyaz Vladimir, the first Project 955ABorei II-classboomer, later this year.
The latest April 20 leak by a Russian defense industry source is an indication that the competition between the Rubin Central Design Bureau and the Malakhit Design Bureau, which isworkingon a separate fifth-generation submarine design, with the first boat expected to be delivered to the Russian Navy by 2027, may be heating up as Russias naval spending is expected to stagnate in the years ahead.
Malakhits newHusky-class is reportedly slated to come in three variants: a nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN), a SSGN, and a SSBN, all three of which will share a common two-hull design as well as common sonar, power and propulsion systems. The new subs will reportedly displace 4,000 to 6,000 for the SSN and SSGN variant; while a SSBN version would come in at between 10,000 to 12,000 tons.

The Russian Navys SSGN force currently consists of the 949AOscar II-class (four of which will reportedly beupgradedto carry 3M-54 Kalibr cruise missiles by 2021) and Project 885-MYasen M-class multipurpose SSN/SSGN. There are currently fiveYasen M-class SSNs/SSGNs in various stages of construction. Yet, only oneYasen-class boat, theK-329 Severodvinsk, which took almost 18 years to build, has so far been commissioned into service.
The Project 885-MYasen M-classsub, christenedKazan,will beginstate trials and live firing tests in the summer of 2019. In terms of armaments, theKazanis fitted with eight vertical -346 complex (3-14) silos for submarine-launched cruise missiles as well as ten torpedo tubes for firing the 3M-54 Kalibr supersonic cruise missile, the P-800Onik over-the-horizon supersonic anti-ship missile, and an improved variant of the 533-millimeter Fizik-1 homing torpedo, I noted last year.
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