Venezuela leadership duel galvanized by U.S-Russia rivalry

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro's regime, bolstered by a Russian military deployment infuriating the U.S., on Thursday announced a ban on Washington-backed self-declared interim leader Juan Guaido holding public office.
But congressional speaker Guaido immediately shot back that the 15-year prohibition announced on state television by Maduro's Auditor General Elvis Amoroso was invalid.
"He is not auditor general.... The legitimate congress is the only one with power to designate an auditor general," he said.
The announcement also prompted a withering response from Washington, where State Department spokesman Robert Palladino described the move in a brief remark as "ridiculous."
It was the latest scuffle between Maduro and Guaido, who lay rival claims to be the legitimate leader of the oil-producing South American nation of 30 million people.
The competition has been escalated into a geopolitical struggle, drawing in the U.S. and its allies which support Guaido, and Russia, Cuba and China backing Maduro.
Domestically -- though unpopular in a country spiraling ever deeper into economic chaos -- Maduro has the upper hand, thanks to loyalty from his military chiefs and, since last weekend, the presence of 100 Russian troops.
Abroad, Guaido is buoyed by U.S. sanctions against Maduro's regime funneling funds his way, and efforts to have his envoys recognized over Maduro's in diplomatic missions and international organizations.
Maduro, who so far has heeded U.S. warnings to not arrest Guaido under threat of unspecified repercussions, appears nonetheless more confident since Moscow's overt protection.
Moscow on Thursday shrugged off a demand made a day earlier by US President Donald Trump that "Russia has to get out" of Venezuela.
Its troops, described as military experts, will stay "for as long as needed," a spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin said, suggesting Washington back off and not interfere.
On Monday, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov accused the U.S. of organizing a "coup" in Venezuela.
Some reports said the soldiers were there to operate air defense systems bought from Russia.
The US has reacted angrily to Russia's move, with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo expressing Washington's displeasure in a tweet that borrowed a Maduro hashtag usually aimed at America.
"Maduro calls for hands off Venezuela while he invites security forces from Cuba and Russia, so he and his cronies can keep plundering Venezuela," Pompeo posted.
"It is time for Venezuelan institutions to stand for their sovereignty. Russia and Cuba, #HandsOffVenezuela."
Pompeo told the U.S. Congress Wednesday he had "personally been in contact" with Mexico and Norway over Venezuela's future, sparking speculation that Washington was seeking places that might give Maduro asylum.
But Mexico on Thursday shot that down, a foreign ministry spokesman saying: "Those conversations have not mentioned any possibility that Mexico could grant asylum to any member of the Venezuelan government."
The US tactics, so far, have been focused on ratcheting up sanctions. Those will jump to a critical level for Venezuela in a month's time, on April 28, when America will impose a ban on imports of Venezuelan oil.
With the United States as Venezuela's main customer for crude, that step is expected to severely impact Maduro's already depleted state coffers.
Months of increasingly tough U.S. sanctions, coupled with mismanagement by Maduro's regime as it took over businesses and key sectors of the economy, and also corruption and many years of infrastructure underinvestment, have taken a toll.
Between Monday and late Wednesday, Venezuelans endured their second nationwide blackout this month. The previous one, unprecedented in scale and duration, lasted a week.
The outages knocked out transport, water supplies, communications and bank card terminals, closing schools and public offices, while also reducing frozen stocks of already scarce food.
Analysts said the oil sector, which brings in 96 percent of state revenue, was all but paralyzed.
One expert, Luis Oliveros, said the impact on some facilities of the state oil company could be "irreversible."
That could spell bad news for Russia and China, Venezuela's two biggest creditors who have agreed to be repaid in oil.
For ordinary Venezuelans, the blackouts were a devastating blow on top of the hyperinflation and food insecurity that were pushing many to the brink of survival.
"This makes anyone desperate... Enough!" said Mauro Hernandez, a 57-year-old Caracas resident forced to walk 90 minutes to get to work.
Maduro's government blamed the blackouts on U.S. "cybernetic" attacks and "terrorist acts" by the opposition.
On Thursday, Communications Minister Jorge Rodriguez asserted that power had been restored to "most" of Venezuela.
But many continue to abandon the collapsing country, which has been abandoned by nearly three million Venezuelans since 2015, according to the UN.

© 2019 AFP
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