Scientists at the George Washington University compared the effectiveness of in-person and technology-mediated interviews. Doctoral candidate Nikki Blacksmith and her co-authors examined 12 articles published from 2000-2007 that included interviewer and interviewee ratings, that is, assessment of how the company and the candidate performed during the interview. In order for the article to be considered, it needed to include both in-person and technology-mediated interactions.
Ms. Blacksmith found that, overall, technology-mediated interviews resulted in lower ratings for both the company and the candidate. Within that category, video interviews received the most negative rankings, followed by telephone and computer interviews. Face-to-face interviews received more favorable rankings.
Additionally, the study looked at the effect of time on the ratings, assuming that as people became more accustomed to the technology and it improved or advanced, they would rate it higher. In fact, the opposite occurred, and ratings became more negative for more recent studies.
"Considering the rate at which technology has changed, it is clear that we lack understanding of the modern interview," Ms. Blacksmith said.