How the UK is facing five housing crises at once

By Ed Conway, economics editor
The UK is facing not one but five concurrent mini housing crises - each with dramatically different consequences and solutions, research from Sky News finds.
The first comprehensive mapping of the UK's different housing problems lays bare the scale and complexity of the country's housing issues and finds that the supply shortage most politicians and journalists commonly cite as the biggest challenge is largely confined to London and the South East.The research - carried out in conjunction with Neal Hudson, of Residential Analysts, one of the country's leading housing economists - suggests that Downing Street may have been misdiagnosing the causes for Britain's housing crisis all along.
While the shortage of new homes being built is indeed an issue in the capital and in certain other cities, especially those like Oxford surrounded by green belt restrictions, this problem is far less widespread than originally thought.:: Line 18: The full story on nation's housing crisisIndeed, fresh household projections recently published by the Office for National Statistics imply that far from falling short of its house-building targets in recent years, the UK may in fact have been building enough homes to satisfy the demand from the rising population.
Outside the capital, the country faces vastly different pressures.For instance, in some hotspots in Scotland, Northern Ireland and the north of England, the real problem is not a lack of supply but a lack of demand. In these areas, which include Derry City, Redcar, Pendle and East Ayrshire, there is more than enough housing but because many residents have moved away to seek employment elsewhere, many of those homes lie empty. This is a housing crisis of sorts - but the inverse of the one we see in London.
How the UK is facing five housing crises at once

Life on the loneliest street in Britain
Elsewhere, our research identified hotspots which are suffering from poor housing quality. In these areas, which include Ceredigion and Blackpool, Liverpool and Thanet, a high proportion of homes are old and in disrepair, particularly in the private rented sector.Here, the solution is not to add more housing units to the total, as the government's objective states, but to repair and potentially replace the existing housing stock.
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