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No-deal Brexit 'could make policing harder'

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A no-deal Brexit would make it harder to protect UK citizens, a leading police officer has warned.The Home Office has given
UK Police face losing access to 40 law enforcement tools under a no-deal Brexit, such as the Schengen Information System, an intelligence database used 539 million times last year by British authorities.
'More bureaucratic'
It takes an average of six days to check whether a foreign national has criminal convictions in their home country under existing systems.Ms Thornton said: "The fallbacks we're going to have to use will be slower, will be more bureaucratic and it will make it harder for us to protect UK citizens and make it harder to protect EU citizens."We are determined to do everything we can to mitigate that, but it will be hard."She said the case of the suspected Russian military officers believed to have carried out the Novichok attack in Salisbury illustrated the problem."If they are to step out of Russia into Europe there are European Arrest Warrants waiting for them. "If we lose the European Arrest Warrant on March 29 because there was no deal, no agreement, then we have to rely on the 1957 convention and it's longer, more complicated extradition process and they don't always apply in all countries."Britain would lose extradition agreements with 20 countries under a no-deal Brexit and arrest and extradition would take ten times as long, it is estimated.Other systems which could be lost include:
Europol - the EU law enforcement agency, which was co-ordinating 51 joint investigations involving the UK, as of February 2018. Britain is also one of the biggest contributors of intelligence to the organisation.
ECRIS - the European Criminal Records Information System, used for around 173,000 criminal records checks a year by the UK.
EMPACT - the European Multidisciplinary Platform Against Crime Threats, which is used in the fight against serious and organised crime, as well as trafficking.
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