Notre-Dame: A history of Paris's beloved cathedral" width="976" height="549">
The Notre-Dame draws an estimated 13 million visitors a year
Paris's beloved Notre-Dame cathedral has been one of the French capital's most famous landmarks since it was built 850 years ago.Notre-Dame, which translates in English as "Our Lady", has played a role in key moments of history and captured the imaginations of people around the world, drawing an estimated 13 million visitors a year. But on Monday, the main spire and roof of the building collapsed in a huge fire. People across the globe are now mourning the damage to the historic site.
What Notre-Dame means to the French
In pictures: Notre-Dame fire aftermath
Notre-Dame fire: Macron pledges to reconstruct cathedral
How did it begin
But construction wasn't completed until 1345.
Historic highlights
Since its completion, the building has been the scene of numerous historic events.In 1431, England's Henry VI was crowned king of France inside the cathedral.It was also the scene of Napoleon Bonaparte's coronation as emperor in 1804.Joan of Arc was beatified in the cathedral and world leaders attended memorial services for former French presidents Charles de Gaulle and Francois Mitterrand there.
Joan of Arc was beatified in Notre-Dame cathedral
Has it suffered previous damage?
The building was badly damaged during the French Revolution in the 1790s, when mobs and revolutionaries looted the interior.During this time, statues of biblical figures there were beheaded.The building survived the 1871 Commune uprising and two world wars largely unscathed.
A place in literature
Victor Hugo's 1831 novel The Hunchback of Notre-Dame cemented the cathedral's place in popular culture. The book, which has since been turned into a Disney film, highlighted the poor condition the cathedral was in. This helped to prompt major restoration works in the mid-19th Century.
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