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Brexit deal: What has changed?

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So has anything changed
So this new document is just another layer of reassurance. In fact, the joint instrument will have the same legal standing as the withdrawal agreement. But it does not replace, over-rule or contradict it. It is worth emphasising that the text of the backstop itself has not changed, and that means it has no guaranteed end date and there is no unilateral exit mechanism that has been agreed by both sides. So some of the demands made by Brexiteers, which the prime minister said she would seek to address, have not been met.
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Alongside the joint instrument, two other documents have been agreed: a joint statement that commits both sides to try to develop technological solutions for the Irish border by the end of 2020; and a unilateral UK statement which sets out the government's interpretation of how it could eventually exit the backstop if the EU acts in bad faith. This unilateral statement is only the view of one side. But the fact that the EU has chosen not to object to it means that it does carry some weight. Again, that is not the same as a legal guarantee, but the EU will argue that it has gone as far as it can to meet the political concerns being expressed in Westminster.
Irish backstop
Taken together, the documents issued last night do offer further reassurance for those who fear that the EU wants to trap the UK permanently in the backstop - something the EU has always insisted it has no intention of doing.But the real problem is finding something that can replace the backstop, which also fulfils the demand to keep the Irish border as open as it is now. No-one knows exactly what that might be: a basic free trade agreement would not be enough.And an agreement to search for alternative arrangements is no guarantee that they will actually be found in a relatively short period of time before the end of 2020.
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