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Children to be taught about FGM harm

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Secondary school pupils in England will be taught about the dangers of female genital mutilation (FGM) by 2020. The new guidelines, to be announced on Monday, form part of the introduction of compulsory relationships and sex education classes in secondary schools. The new guidance says secondary schools should address the physical and emotional damage caused by FGM.The practice was outlawed in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2003 and in Scotland in 2005.FGM for short is the deliberate cutting or removal of a female's external genitalia.
Lessons will also raise awareness of the support that is available, and ensure children know that FGM is against the law.Education Secretary Damian Hinds said the reforms to relationships and sex education curriculum will ensure young people are taught about different forms of abuse and their rights under the law in an age-appropriate way. He said: "We know that FGM can have a catastrophic effect on the lives of those affected, causing life-long physical and psychological damage. "Everyone must do all they can to protect women and girls from this extreme form of gendered violence. "There's a legislation aspect, and enforcement, but just as important is awareness and challenging assumptions - which is why we are making sure all pupils are given all the facts at secondary school."
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According to the NSPCC, there are an estimated 137,000 women and girls affected by FGM in England and Wales.Since July 2015, 296 Female Genital Mutilation Protection Orders have been made to safeguard people at risk.Nimco Ali, FGM campaigner and director of the charity Daughters of Eve, said: "As a child I had no idea FGM was illegal, I just knew it was painful. It took me years to piece together what happened to me and why I felt the way I did about it. "Had I been given the education now being introduced, I would have been able to support those in my family to understand, and prevent other girls from being cut."The new reforms, which will be presented to Parliament, will include relationship education for primary age pupils, relationships and sex education (RSE) for secondary pupils, and health education for pupils of all ages in state-funded schools in England. Secondary school pupils will also be taught about other forms of honour-based abuse, as well as grooming, forced marriage and domestic abuse as part of a strengthened curriculum.
Children to be taught about FGM harm

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It’s estimated one in 20 girls and women in the world have undergone some form of FGM
Academies and free schools are not under local authority control and they do not have to follow the national curriculum.Sex and relationship education is part of the curriculum in Wales, but it is not currently compulsory.The Welsh government says it expects young people to receive age-appropriate lessons in school, covering "all aspects of relationships, sexual health and wellbeing issues".The subject is not compulsory in Scotland but new guidance was introduced in 2014. Schools and local authorities are responsible for deciding how to put the guidelines into practice.In Northern Ireland, the Department of Education requires each school to have its own written policy on how it will address the delivery of relationship and sexuality education (RSE).
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