Authorization

What is the legal status of IS bride Shamima Begum?

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Ms Begum was 15 and living in Bethnal Green, London, when she left the UK in 2015
Shamima Begum - the schoolgirl who fled London to join the Islamic State group in Syria - has been stripped of her UK citizenship after expressing a desire to return.It is only possible to strip someone of their UK nationality if they are eligible for citizenship elsewhere - and it is thought Ms Begum could be a Bangladeshi citizen because she was born to a mother believed to be Bangladeshi.However, Bangladesh's ministry of foreign affairs has said Ms Begum is not a Bangladeshi citizen and there is "no question" of her being allowed into the country.
Is she entitled to Bangladeshi citizenship[/img]

Under this "blood line" law, Bangladeshi nationality and citizenship lapse when a person reaches the age of 21, unless they make efforts to activate and retain it. So, it is Ms Begum's age, 19, that is likely - in part - to have given Home Office lawyers and the home secretary reassurance there was a legal basis for stripping her of her UK citizenship.
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In 2017, the government lost an appeal case brought by two British citizens of Bangladeshi origin who were stripped of their citizenship when they were abroad.The Special Immigration Appeals Commission ruled that E3 and N3 had not tried to retain their citizenship before they reached the age of 21, and so it had automatically lapsed.
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Shamima Begum: 'I got tricked and I was hoping someone would have sympathy with me'
That meant that the decision to strip them of their UK citizenship had rendered them stateless.Ms Begum's case is different. Her Bangladeshi citizenship, if established, would remain intact until she reaches 21, even if she has never visited the country or made active efforts to retain her citizenship.
What are the rights of her child[/img]
Lord Carlile, former independent reviewer of terrorism legislation, said the baby may also be entitled to Bangladeshi and Dutch nationality - Ms Begum's husband is a Dutch convert to Islam, who she married in Syria. As a British citizen, Ms Begum's child would have a right to enter the UK. However the British government has no consular staff in Syria to help get him out of the country. Even if that were possible, the question of whether he should be separated from his mother would open up a whole new moral conundrum. And after losing two children to illness in Syria, Ms Begum seems desperate to keep her third.
Why is it illegal to be stateless?
Under international law, a stateless person is someone who is "not considered as a national by any state under the operation of its law".The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to a nationality and "no-one shall be arbitrarily deprived of their nationality".And under the 1981 British Nationality Act, a person can only be deprived of their citizenship if they would not become stateless as a result.
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The BBC asked people in London's Bethnal Green, where Shamima Begum went to school, whether she should be allowed back to the UK
Shadow home secretary Diane Abbott has accused Mr Javid of breaching the declaration by stripping Ms Begum of her UK citizenship. However, Mr Javid has said the Home Office would never take that decision if someone only had one nationality.
Does this create a two-tier system[/img]

Could Ms Begum have her UK citizenship reinstated?
She would need to bring a legal challenge, probably by way of a judicial review, of the home secretary's decision to strip her of her citizenship. This would take place by way of an appeal to the Special Immigration Appeals Commission. It could also end up in the UK Supreme Court.
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