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Russia ignores the decision of the International Court of Justice

 Russia ignores the decision of the International Court of JusticeA year ago, on April 19, 2017, the UN International Court of Justice adopted an interim decision on Ukraine's lawsuit against Russia on violations of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. And while meaningful debates are still ahead, the analysis of temporary measures allows optimistic assessment of the judicial perspective.

Accordingly, the International Court of Justice has ordered Russia since the decision:
1) to refrain from existing or to impose new restrictions on the ability of the Crimean Tatar community to retain its representative bodies in the Crimea, including the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people;
2) to ensure availability of education in the Crimea in the Ukrainian language;
3) to refrain from actions that would worsen or widen the subject of the dispute, or complicate its solution.

Today it is possible to state that Russia not only failed to fulfill any of the three requirements stated, it is leading the situation to exacerbate the situation with national minorities in the Crimea, showing disdain for the International Court of Justice.

Thus, the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people continues to be banned as an "extremist organization", Ukrainian schools, as well as general Ukrainian language teaching, have been completely destroyed during the last year in the occupied Crimea, ethnic repressions by the occupation authorities are becoming more rigid and indiscriminate . And this despite the fact that the decisions of the International Court of Justice at any stage of the hearings are binding. The history of the UN does not even know the cases of neglect of the rulings of the International Court of Justice, in particular, those relating to interim measures. Even the United States, having lost its case against Nicaragua in the mid-80s and declaring its disagreement with the UN International Court of Justice, did not dare to ignore it in practice.

Oleksandr Kupchyshyn
President of the ILA Ukrainian Branch,
Ambassador
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